Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structure needed for the operation of a society or enterprise or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function, a framework supporting an entire structure of development. The structures that support a society, such as roads, bridges, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunications, and so forth are the components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living conditions. Infrastructure facilitates the production of goods and services, and also the distribution of finished products to markets, as well as basic social services such as schools and hospitals.
Infrastructure systems such as roads, bridges, buildings, railway networks, utilities, sewage, water, cell towers and more are essential for enabling productivity in an economy. Most infrastructural projects are either completely funded by the government or heavily subsidized. However, in this category of Infobwana, you will find various companies that offer a wide selection of infrastructural development services.
Infrastructure enables trade, powers businesses, connects workers to their jobs, creates opportunities for struggling communities and protects the country from an increasingly unpredictable natural environment. From private investment in roads, telecommunication systems, broadband networks, rail lines, energy projects and pipelines, to public spending on transportation, water, buildings and parks, infrastructure is the backbone of a healthy economy.
Important national goals also depend on infrastructure. The economy needs reliable infrastructure to connect supply chains and efficiently move goods and services across borders. Infrastructure connects households across urban areas to higher quality opportunities for employment, healthcare and education. Clean energy and public transit can reduce greenhouse gases. This same economic logic applies to broadband networks, water systems and energy production and distribution.
Infrastructure can be classified into two different lines:
All countries have infrastructure in some form, which can include these systems: