There are a range of businesses supporting the energy sector in Zambia. Zambia's primary energy source is electricity from the Kariba dam hydroelectric plant. However solar panels are becoming increasingly popular especially for those living in rural areas. Petrol and diesel are still the leading vehicle fuels, and charcoal is used for cooking in most homes in Zambia. Bio fuel production from sugarcane, soybean, oil palm and jatropha is still in its infancy.
For any economic system to thrive, energy is needed. In ancient times, the energy industry consisted of burning wood for cooking and certain oils for heat. Today, with the world’s supply of petroleum decreasing rapidly; there is a movement towards alternative fuel sources. But some of these fuel sources, like hydropower, have been around for a long time.
The relationship between our energy use (both household and industrial) and climate and the environment is of greater concern than ever before. Many organisations and individuals are exploring renewable energy sources as a means of meeting their business needs while also doing their part in reducing environmental degradation.
Renewable energy options
There are a number of options available but finding the right one for your personal and business needs depends on how much you are willing to invest: