There is a whole range of farming enterprises in Zambia producing commodities for domestic and international markets. Farms in Zambia include livestock; fishery and agricultural farming. There are three major categories of farmers in Zambia. Small-scale farmers, who are the vast majority, cultivate less than five hectares, use few external inputs, and consume most of their produce. Medium-scale farmers cultivate between 5 to 20 hectares. They use improved seeds and fertilizers and sell most of their production. Large-scale commercial farmers plant over twenty ha annually. These farmers apply high levels of purchased inputs and use oxen or machinery for farm operations and they present a variety of opportunities for investors.
Livestock production practising free-range grazing is the most common practice of rearing cattle in Zambia this is the keeping of cattle while moving from one area in search of pasture and clean water. Intensive livestock farming involves graving in paddocks where the grass is has grown to improve the pasture for higher yield per hectare.
Crop production also called arable farming includes the growing of field crops annual crops like cereals and pulses e.g garden peas, perennial crops like coffee, tea, sugarcane among others.
Horticultural crops entail the growing of vegetables such as french beans, cabbages and tomatoes.
Floriculture is the growing of flowers such as tuberose, roses and carnations. Among other crops.
As Zambia is a well-watered country and has a very favourable climate there is a range of agribusinesses and they will be listed in these categories