Our very existence is now threatened by a lack of respect for our environment and the unsustainable use of natural resources. Zambia does not significantly damage its environment compared to more industrialised nations, and it is not a heavy user of natural resources. However, its citizens, particularly business owners, need to be sensitive to environmental issues. Such considerations frequently play a part in the planning of environmental projects in Zambia, as well as within policy and decision-making processes.
In Zambia, most households do not get their water from a municipal supply. Many use wells, while others use boreholes. Borehole pumps and equipment are required to bring the water to the surface, treat it, and reticulate it for use.
Companies that provide industrial cleaning and industrial waste management handle toxic and often hazardous chemicals. For all industries, there is a move to reduce the amount of waste wherever possible; and recycling has become an essential business activity.
Public health is a key component of any healthy community. Environmental health is the branch that focuses on the relationships between people and their environment, promoting human health and well-being. Environmental health is a key part of any comprehensive public health system, fostering healthy and safe communities.
The companies that provide environmental consultancy advise local authorities and the government of Zambia. They often work with environmental health care providers. Environmental equipment and environmental health products are available for sale.
Water and sanitation companies bring safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, which are crucial to human health and well-being, a prerequisite to health that contributes to public health. This group also includes companies that hire out mobile toilets, for such places as building sites, remote temporary sites and camps. For urban areas, water treatment and sanitation is a task for city and district councils.
Water reticulation is undertaken by city councils or, more commonly, by a building contractor for rural areas, or plots in town with their own borehole system.
Water storage can also be an undertaking at the national, regional, farm or household level - from the reservoir to tank.